The Stunning Electric-Blue Flames that erupted from volcano only accured every night wherein a dazzling electric-blue fire can often be seen streaming down the mountain at night, the blue fire glow unusual for a volcano with lava. The glow of blue flame is actually the light from the combustion of sulfuric gases, Grunewald explained, taht the gases emerge from cracks in the volcano at high pressure with temperature up to 1,112°F (600°C). When they come in contact with the air, they ignited, sending flames up to 16 feet (5 meters) high. Some of the gases condense into liquid sulfur, "which continues to burn as it flows down the slopes.
Blue volcanic fire of Mt Ijen was described in antiquity in Italy on the south slope of Mount Vesuvius and on the island of Vulcano. Blue flame Mount Ijen may also be observed at the base of the plume of erupting volcanoes, when ash explosions occured. Kawah Ijen volcano is the subject of a new documentary released earlier this month that was produced by Grunewald and Régis Etienne, the president of Geneva's Society of Volcanology. at the top of the volcano is the largest measure such body of water filled with hydrochloric acid. In fact, it's the acid that makes the water green.
Cynthia Werner and Grunewald are a research geologist with the U.S. Geological Survey (USGS) at the Alaska Volcano Observatory, Werner explained how the lake became so acidic: The volcano emitted hydrogen chloride gas, which reacted with the water and formed a highly condensed hydrochloric acid with a pH of almost 0. The lake has a volume of 1.3 billion cubic feet (36 million cubic meters), or about 1/320 of the volume of Oregon's Crater Lake. As the burning gases cool, they deposit sulfur around the lake.
How to enjoy Blue Flame Ijen CraterBlue Flame on Ijen Crater always appears every nights, The trekking condition to reach Blue Flame location is easier than Semeru trekking but You must use a local guide because trekking on midnight. If You need to see the processing of Blue Flame, You must begin your trip from nearest area like Banyuwangi or Hotel around Sempol. very recommended to start from your Hotel at midnight around 00.00 - 01.00 AM. Hope you bring complete equipments such as Flashlight, Trekking Shoes, jacket, hat trekking pole and gass mask. If You start your trip from Banyuwangi, very recommended using private Jeep available around Banyuwangi area. the trip from Banyuwangi or Bondowoso is 2 hours by Car to Paltuding (parking lot), from this parking lot, do climb to Ijen Crater rim for 2 hours accompanied by local guide then continue climb down to bottom crater for 45 minutes, Reach the bottom Ijen Crater, You will see stunning Blue Lights appears from crater dome called Blue Fire.
Finish enjoy Blue Fire Ijen Crater, comeback to the rim and see the green acid lake and yellowish sulfur while You can take photo for local miners hauling the Sulfur from bottom crater until finish and return to Paltuding again. You will finish enjoy Ijen Crater Tour package at 09.00 AM.
If You want to combine your trip between The Blue Flame with other nature tourism in East Java, You can choose the tour package of Ijen Crater, Mount Bromo, Madakaripura tour 4 days. So, You can can choose arrival in Banyuwangi and finish in Surabaya International Airport. Or You can visit Our contact for detail information.
Mining a sulfur is the one way to earn money by sulfur miners. Sometime the miners spraying water from a small pump onto the pipes to promote cooling and condensation. Sulfur stalactites sometimes form from the liquid sulfur dripping from the pipes then collected and sold to tourists. Sulfur miners at Ijen Crater work at night under the eerie blue light to escape the heat of the sun and to earn extra income. The miners sell the sulfur for about 600 Indonesian rupiah per kilo (less than 25 U.S. cents per pound). They can carry loads of 176 to 220 pounds (80 to 100 kilos) once a day or twice if they work into the night.
NATURE TOURISM PACKAGE OPTION :
- Mount Bromo Midnight Tour
- Mount Bromo Tour Package 1 Day
- Mt Bromo, Ijen Crater Tour Package 3 Days
- Mount Arjuno, Welirang Climbing Package 4 Days
- Mt Bromo, Songa Rafting, Ijen Tour Package 3 Days
- Semeru Climb, Mount Bromo, Ijen Crater Tour 6 Days
The best time to see Blue Flame Kawah Ijen Banyuwangi on November - September. Before You start your trip, make sure that you have a good condition because Blue Flame Ijen trekking is steep than Mount Bromo trekking. Hope You bring complete equipment that able adapted with moutain condition.