Mount Kelud of East Java Province Indonesia


Mount Kelud of East Java Province Indonesia

Mount Kelud of East Java Province Indonesia

Mount Kelud, East Java Island also spelled "Mount Kelut" in Indonesia derived from a name "Kemelut" is an active volcano located in Kediri regency of East Java, Indonesia. Mount Kelud is known for large explosive eruptions throughout its history. More than 30 eruptions have occurred since 1000 AD in 2007, an effusive explosion filled the crater with a lava dome. It last erupted on February 13, 2014, destroying the lava dome and ejecting boulders, stones and ashes up to West Java about 500 kilometers from Mount Kelud. The Kelud crater filled with water in rainy season. 

Eruption History
The eruption history of Mount Kelud is quite unique in Indonesian history because it was one of the few volcanoes whose activities were recorded in Indonesian historical accounts. According to Nagarakretagama canto 1 stanza 4 and 5 (composed by Mpu Prapanca in 1365), King Hayam Wuruk of Majapahit was born in 1256 Saka, which corresponds to 1334 CE, the same year that Mount Kelud erupted. Prapanca argued that this was the divine sign that Batara Gurunata (Javanese name for Shiva Mahadewa) has manifest Himself on earth, reincarnated as the Javanese king. This account also describes the local Javanese psyche at that time (and even up to present) that regarded the natural event such as volcanic eruption, as the divine sign from the gods.

An explosive volcanic eruption on Indonesia's most populous island blasted ash and debris 12 miles into the air Friday, killing three people while forcing authorities to evacuate more than 100,000 and close six airports. The overnight eruption of Java island's Mount Kelud could be heard up to 125 miles away, Indonesia's disaster agency said.

"The eruption sounded like thousands of bombs exploding," Ratno Pramono, a 35-year-old farmer, said after returning from an evacuation center to check on his property in the village of Sugihwaras, around three miles from the crater. "I thought doomsday was upon us. Women and children were screaming and crying."

Ash and grit fell to earth in towns and cities across the region, including Surabaya, Indonesia's second-largest city after Jakarta, with a population of about 3 million. It also fell even farther afield in Yogyakarta, where motorists switched on headlights in daylight, and lay two inches deep in some places.

A 60-year-old man and a 65-year-old woman were killed in the village of Pandansari near the mountain when the roofs of their homes collapsed under the weight of the ash and volcanic debris unleashed during the eruption, the disaster agency said. A 70-year-old man died after being hit by a collapsed wall while waiting to be evacuated from the same village, where the volcanic ash reached 8 inches deep in some places.

The large international airport in Surabaya and airports in the cities of Yogyakarta, Solo, Bandung, Semarang and Cilacap were closed due to reduced visibility and the dangers posed to aircraft engines by ash, Transport Ministry spokesman Bambang Ervan said. Virgin Australia said it had canceled its Friday flights from Australia to several locations due to the eruption, including the resort islands of Bali in Indonesia and Phuket in Thailand.

Mount Kelud Kediri, is one of the familiar tourism in Java Island that has been famous volcano like Mount Bromo, Mount Semeru and Ijen Crater. If you are interested to enjoy Mount Kelud of East Java Province Indonesia. You can start your tour from Surabaya Airport, Malang and Banyuwangi Ketapang Harbor. If you are very interested to enjoy Mount Bromo tour option, You can read detailly of various tour package below.

Mount Bromo Tour from Surabaya, Malang and Banyuwangi
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Mount Kelud of East Java Island Indonesia